Simon & Garfunkel were a highly acclaimed folk rock duo from New York City consisting of Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel that became one of the top acts of the late 1960s. With a long history dating back to elementary school, the two friends made their first recordings in the late 1950s as teenagers under the name, Tom & Jerry. Their unique sound came from their close-knit harmonies that often showcased Garfunkel's ethereal soaring tenor, combined with a melodic and well-crafted collection of mostly Simon-penned songs that captured the spirit of the times. Their many era-defining hits included "The Sounds Of Silence," "Homeward Bound," "I Am A Rock," "Mrs. Robinson," "The Boxer," and "Bridge Over Troubled Water." "The Sounds Of Silence," "Mrs. Robinson," and several of their other songs are a part of the soundtrack to the landmark 1967 coming-of-age film, "The Graduate."
Simon & Garfunkel had their first hit in 1957 on the Pop/Rock charts with the Everly Brothers sound-alike song, "Hey, Schoolgirl," credited to Tom & Jerry. The duo reunited in 1963 as Simon & Garfunkel and re-emerged on the charts in late 1965 with the chart-topping "The Sounds Of Silence." First released as an acoustic song on the duo's 1964 debut album, "Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.," the hit version of this folk rock classic was overdubbed with electric guitars, bass, and drums. This smash was followed by a long string of hits that also included "Homeward Bound" (1966), "I Am A Rock" (1966), "A Hazy Shade Of Winter" (1966), "Scarborough Fair (Canticle)" (1968), "Mrs. Robinson" (1968), "The Boxer" (1969), "Bridge Over Troubled Water" (1970), "Cecilia" (1970), "El Condor Pasa" (1970), "America" (1972), "My Little Town" (1975), and "(What A) Wonderful World" (1978, with James Taylor). In addition to their debut album, the duo released four other studio albums that include "Sounds Of Silence" (1966), the platinum-certified "Parsley, Sage, Rosemary And Thyme" (1966), and "Bookends" (1968), which topped the Billboard 200 and UK album charts and also went platinum. The duo's fifth and final studio album, "Bridge Over Troubled Water" (1970), which includes the chart-topping title song, was their most successful, reaching #1 on the charts in over ten countries and earning multiple Grammys. Simon & Garfunkel had one final chart entry in 1982 with their cover of The Every Brothers' "Wake Up Little Susie," which was recorded live at a 1981 reunion concert in Central Park and included on the gold-certified "The Concert in Central Park" (1982).
After disbanding in 1970, Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel each went on to pursue solo careers, occasionally reuniting over the years to record and/or perform. Their many honors and accolades include ten Grammys and being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.
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- For more info about Simon & Garfunkel, visit simonandgarfunkel.com.
- Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel discuss their latest reunion tour, their early beginnings, the making of some of their best known songs, and other topics in an interview with NPR (June 12, 2004).
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Simon And Garfunkel
- Bookends 1968
(This song was part of the B-side of "Mrs. Robinson" and was also included on the 1968 Simon & Garfunkel album of the same name.)
- The Boxer 1969
- Bridge Over Troubled Water 1970
(This song, which topped both the Adult Contemporary and Pop/Rock charts, also became a hit for Aretha Franklin (1971) and Linda Clifford (1979). In 1971, "Bridge Over Troubled Water" won Grammys for Record of the Year and Song of the Year.)
- Cecilia 1970
(This song later also became a hit for Times Two (1988).)
- The Dangling Conversation 1966
- El Condor Pasa 1970
- Homeward Bound 1966
- Mrs. Robinson 1968
("Mrs. Robinson" topped the charts for Simon & Garfunkel in 1968 and was one of many of their songs included in the famous soundtrack for "The Graduate." This song later also became a hit for Booker T. & the MG's (1969, instrumental version) and the Lemonheads (1993).)
- My Little Town 1975
- Scarborough Fair (Canticle) 1968
(This song also became a hit for Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (1968).)
- The Sounds Of Silence 1965
(This song topped the charts and later also became a hit for Peaches & Herb (1971).)
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